Since time immemorial the black man’s emasculation resulted in the need of the black woman to assert herself in order to maintain some semblance of a family unit. And as a result of this historical circumstance, the black woman has developed strength; the black woman has developed tenacity of purpose and other attributes which today quite often are being looked upon negatively.
– Shirley Chisholm
In the scheme of citizenship of our country for years following the close of the war the Negro had no part; and he had no part because he was looked upon as an inferior. “Subordination to the superior race is declared to be his natural and moral condition.” His inferiority was asserted to be a “great physical, philosophical, and moral truth.”
– Francis J. Grimké